wind (3)

natural_force_weather

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *xųwe

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Hidatsa xaxo•ri ‘sickly, coughing, breathing noisily’ J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Dakota *-xwe

Lakota itáglaxwe ‘with the wind, the wind in the back’ EB:237

Dakota ítahdaḣbe ‘with the wind’ SRR:211a

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi xyuⁿwe, ixyúⁿwĕ , †(i-)xyų́we ‘roar or whistle, as the wind does’ D&S:226a , cúⁿwe , †šų́we ‘whistle, as the wind does’ D&S:226a

General comment

For other instances of Lakota xw < xVw, cf. ‘rattle (1c)’ and ‘stink (2)’. Hidatsa may have dissimilated w > r after u, if it is cognate.

Details Language Word Source