rib

noun physical_somatic_body_part

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *i-rú•te ~ *i-rú•ta

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *rú•ta

Crow dúusa ‘ribs’ GG:45, RGG:70

Hidatsa rú•ta ‘rib’ J , nú•ta

Pre-Mandan

Mandan rúte, rút ‘ribs’ H:194

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *i-rú•te-(hu)

Proto-Dakota *čhuté

Lakota cut•íc’in < čhut-i-kʔį , †čhutíčʔį ‘carry at the side, as a powderhorn strapped over the shoulder and coming down under the arm’ [• goes over t] EB:135a

Dakota ćuté ‘side under arms’ SRR:105a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere rú•thu ‘rib’ [-hu ‘bone’] RR

Proto-Dhegiha *rǘte(-hü)

Omaha-Ponca thíte , †ðítte ‘rib’ MAS:148 , ṭe-¢íṭiⁿ , †tteðíttį ‘buffalo ribs’

Kanza/Kaw yǘččü ‘rib’ JOD , yǘččühe ‘rib’

Osage thítsi , †ðǘhci ‘ribs’ LF:150b

Quapaw †dítti ‘rib’ JOD

General comment

For other examples of MVS *r : Dak. čh v. ‘ice’, and other body parts having the inalienable possessor prefix, *i-. Dakota and Omaha-Ponca match for final -V, so Omaha may be borrowed. The final V remains a problem in any event however, since Proto-Crow-Hidatsa appears to have -a rather than -e.

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa accentual pattern suggests a missing initial syllable, no doubt the marker of inalienable possession indicated by the palatalized Dakota initial consonant. The overall reconstruction in DH is clear despite the variant forms and transcription problems. Osage ts would normally represent ch but is probably an error for hc. LF made many such mistakes.

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