roast (1)

Verb physical_condition_change


Proto-Siouan *yó•-kʔį

Pre-Mandan *rókrį•-

Mandan rókirįroʔš , †rókįri•roʔš ‘she roasted’ H:188

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *yó•_kʔį

Proto-Dakota *čho_kʔį́

Lakota čho_kʔį́ ‘roast’ RTC

Dakota ćoḳíŋ , †čho_kʔį́ ‘roast’ SRR:103a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *ró•_kʔį

Chiwere rókʔį ‘fry, bake’ LWR:25

Hoocąk roo_kʔį́ ‘roast, bake, cook in oven’ KM:2639 , rook’į



Biloxi áyukûnĭ´, áyuḳûni , †áyukuni ‘roasted’ D&S:296a

General comment

This form appears to be a compound of *(i)yo•flesh’ and an unidentified second element. Mandan and Biloxi seem reasonably close and the treatment here is reminiscent of clusters in ‘wear around the neck’ or ‘necklace’. Biloxi quite generally corresponds to MVS . The MVS forms may be cognate but the complex morphology here is not yet well understood. Initial syllable accent ordinarily presumes a missing initial vowel. In this instance it would be inalienable i-, but there is no trace of the inflectional prefix in this loosely incorporated form. This suggests that, even though accent is very largely predictable in Proto-Siouan on the second vowel, there were instances in which it was distinctive.

Predictability was not complete .

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources