knee, lap, thigh

noun physical_somatic_body_part


Proto-Siouan *ši-(r)-ą́te ~ *ši-(r)-ų́te

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *išú•tE < **išrútE (?)

Crow išúuši ‘knee’ RG, GG:94, RGG:74

Hidatsa išú•tE ‘lap’ J , išú•ti

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *širą́te

Proto-Dakota *šiyóte

Lakota šiyó̄to ‘muscle on front part of leg’ EB:464a , šiyū´te ‘front part of legs, lap’ EB:464a , śiyóte ‘knees, lap’ SRR:445b

Dakota śiyótȯ ‘knees, front part of legs, lap’ SRR:445b

Proto-Dhegiha *šiną́te

Omaha-Ponca shinoⁿ´de , †šiną́de ‘knee’ F&LF:109

Kanza/Kaw šíyąǰe, šiyą́ǰe ‘knee’ RR

Osage shinoⁿ´dse ~ shithoⁿ´dse , †šiną́ce ~ †šiðą́ce ‘knee’ LF:131b

Quapaw šiną́tte, šinǫ́tte ‘knee’ RR



Biloxi tcinañkí , †činąkí ‘knees’ D&S:264a , tcinantá waxehĕ´ , †činątá ‘patella’ D&S:264a

General comment

This appears to be an old compound. Cf. ‘thigh’. The medial *-r- may be epenthetic. Proto-Crow-Hidatsa and Dakota have irregular vowels in the second root. On the postulated Proto-Crow-Hidatsa development, cf. ‘slip (3)’. It is also possible that Proto-Crow-Hidatsa merely merged the vowels without having to deal with an epenthetic glide.

Chiwere šášge ‘knee’ may be at least partially cognate ultimately if the compound can be analyzed. The *-r- in MVS and OVS may be epenthetic; this might best account for the long vowel of MRS.

Other languages

  • Yuchi šʔæ̨tho LB
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources