child > male child

noun person



Proto-Mississipi-Valley *šį-Ro•


Chiwere čhįtóįñe, čhįčóįñe GM

Proto-Dhegiha *šíRo

Omaha-Ponca cenujiñga , †šenožįga JOD

Kanza/Kaw šídohįŋa ‘boy+dim.’ RR

Osage shiⁿto , †šįto ‘youth’ LF:131b , ciⁿṭunŭⁿhŭⁿ , †šįto ‘bachelor’ JOD

Quapaw šétto ‘boy’ RR , šéttǫ ‘boy’ JOD



Biloxi siⁿṭo, siⁿt , †sįto ‘boy’ D&S:256b

General comment

This term is a compound of reflexes of *šika ‘child’ and *Ró•male’ in the languages where it is represented. Chiwere čh is irregular as it is normally derived from dental stops, in this case *th or *ht. It is most likely a result of borrowing from Dakotan čhįča ‘child’. Biloxi initial s shows this word is either subject to fricative ablaut or is a borrowing.

Cf. ‘child > boy’; ‘child > female child’. The original root, *ši, has apparently been replaced by še, ‘this’ in some DH dialects. The compound seems to center on DH and may have originated there, spreading to both north and south into Chiwere and Biloxi. There are too many irregularities here to consider this a Proto-Siouan term.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources