long (2)

verb perceptual_visual


Proto-Siouan *hą́skE

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *háckE

Crow háčka ‘tall, long’ RG, GG:48

Hidatsa háckE ‘long’ J , hácki

Pre-Mandan *hą́ška-

Mandan hą́škaʔš ‘it’s long, tall’ RTC


Proto-Dakota *hą́ska

Lakota hą́ska ‘long, tall’ RTC

Dakota háŋska ‘long, tall’ SRR:124b

Sioux Valley hą́ska PAS



Biloxi naskĕ´ , †nąské ‘long, tall, as a tree’ D&S:232b


Tutelo yapóske, yumpañkatska ‘long’ H

General comment

Status of the OVS forms is uncertain, but compare with the reflexes for ‘day’, ‘louse’, where we also have h corresponding to n in the SE.

Perhaps a combination of ‘long (2)’ and the similative ska (see ‘near’), following Boas and Deloria. This would explain the partial cognacy of the SE terms.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources